The number of tie-downs required is dependent on two criteria:

1) The Wind Zone where the home is located. To determine which zone your home is designed to be located in, look on the home’s data plate. Here’s a link to our blog about how to find and interpret the data plate:

“How do I find out how old a mobile home is and who manufactured it?”

   To make sure that your home is located in the wind zone that it was designed for, check our blog with a wind zone map at:

“Where are wind zone 2 and wind zone 3 for mobile homes located?”

   If your home is a “D-sticker,” meaning that it was designed to be installed within 1500 feet of the coastline in Wind Zone 3, there are additional installation requirements in Section 15C-1.01031. To learn more about D-sticker homes, go to our blog at:

“What is a D-sticker mobile home?”

  1. 2)The year the home was built. HUD tightened the spacing requirements in the mid-1990s, following the devastation caused by Hurricane Andrew in South Florida, where 97% of all manufactured homes in Homestead were destroyed. In our area, located in Wind Zone II, homes manufactured after the original HUD standards went into effect in July, 1976 and before the upgraded standards enforced beginning in July, 1994, had tie-downs spaced approximately eight feet apart on average. After 1994, tie-downs are placed approximately five feet apart. Additional stabilization bracing is also now required on double-wides. Florida Administrative Code 15C-1, upgraded in 1999, added further standards for wind-resistant mobile home installation. More recently, HUD standardized installation guidelines nationwide in 2009.
       If you are financing an older mobile home purchase, and the financial institution requests a foundation inspection as a requirement for the loan, it is because they want to verify that the home meets the newer tie-down standards. The inspection must be done by a licensed engineer (not a home inspector).

   The installation of a mobile home, including the tie-downs, is required by Florida law to be done by a professional installer licensed by the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, with a final inspection by the local building department. Here are some of the defects we typically find in an inspection of a mobile home foundation:

  1. Corroded and loose anchor straps.

  2. Anchor straps that have been cut or removed.

  3. Anchor straps installed at more or less than the specified angle.

  4. Tilting piers, no longer in direct contract with steel frame.

  5. Site-built additions (including porches) that bear on the structure of the mobile home.



While we hope you find this series of articles about home inspection helpful, they should not be considered an alternative to an actual home inspection by a local inspector. Also, construction standards vary in different parts of the country and it is possible that important issues related to your area may not be covered here.
©2015 - McGarry and Madsen Inspection.

 
 

Diagrams - IBHS


More blog posts about mobile homes:

  1. How can I tell if a mobile home is well constructed?

  2. How can I make my mobile home look more like a house?

  3. What is the life expectancy of a mobile home?

  4. What do I need to know about buying a foreclosure mobile home?

  5. How can I tell the difference between a manufactured home and a modular home?

  6. Does it make sense to remodel an older mobile home?

  7. Where are the load bearing walls in a double-wide mobile home?

  8. How much does it cost to move a mobile home?

  9. What are the warning signs of a dangerous deck?

  10. Can I remodel an old mobile home without a building permit?

  11. Does an addition to a mobile home have to comply with with HUD Code?

  12. Can I paint the vinyl covered wallboard in a mobile home?

  13. What year were mobile homes required to become more storm resistant?

  14. What can I do to prevent dampness and mold in my mobile home?

  15. Can I install a mobile home myself?

  16. What does the HUD tag look like and where do I find it on a mobile home?

  17. Why are there cracks in the wallboard in a mobile home after its moved?

  18. What is a Park Model mobile home?

  19. What’s the difference between a manufactured and a mobile home?

  20. Where are Wind Zone 2 and Wind Zone 3 for mobile homes located?

  21. What are the most common problems with older mobile homes?

  22. Can you move a mobile home that is 20 years old in Florida?

  23. What is a pit set mobile home?

  24. Does a single-wide mobile home have interior bearing walls?

  25. Is 7 feet a normal height for a wall/ceiling in a mobile home?

  26. Do you have any tips for buying a used mobile home?

  27. Why is the floor tile cracked in my mobile home?

  28. Why is it important that a mobile home stay level throughout its lifetime?

  29. How much venting is required for mobile home skirting?

  30. What do I need to know about building an addition to a mobile home?

  31. What is the life expectancy of a modular home?

  32. How do I upgrade my old (pre-1976) mobile home to meet HUD standards?

  33. When was the first double-wide mobile home manufactured?

  34. Why is my double-wide considered a HUD home?

  35. How energy efficient is a mobile home?

  36. Can I tell the year of a manufactured/mobile home from the HUD tag (red tag)?

  37. Can a mobile/manufactured home have a high radon problem?

  38. What are the HUD requirements for selling a remodeled or renovated mobile home?

  39. How many mobile/manufactured home manufacturers are licensed to sell their homes in Florida?

  40. Can a mobile/manufactured home get termites?

  41. What are the limitations on homesites where a mobile/manufactured home can be located?

  42. What does a home inspector look for when examining a mobile home crawl space?

  43. How do I look for mold in my mobile home?

  44. What is the difference between the electric service to a mobile home and a site built home?

  45. How can I make my mobile home more energy efficient?

  46. What are the ventilation requirements for bathrooms and kitchens in mobile homes?

  47. How much is a used mobile home worth?

  48. What would cause half of a double-wide mobile home to lose electric power?

  49. What are the common problems to look for when buying a mobile home that is older than 40 years?

  50. How many manufactured/mobile homes are there in the United States?

  51. Where do I find the water heater in a mobile home?

  52. How do HUD-code mobile/manufactured home standards compare to the IRC building code for site-built homes?

  53. What are the right words for the parts of a mobile/manufactured home?

  54. What is the right humidity level in a mobile home?

  55. Can you do a mobile home inspection with no electric power or water?

  56. What is the difference between a manufactured/mobile home water heater and a regular water heater?

  57. What is an “RP” sticker for a mobile home?

  58. What is a manufactured home?

  59. What is the building code for mobile/manufactured homes in Florida?

  60. Where do I find the VIN/serial number on a very old (pre-1976) mobile home?

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